Bright Eyes, Stuart Marshall, 1984
LUX is pleased to present a new series of screenings, texts and discussions curated by artist and writer Conal McStravick considering what the history of radical and activist video practices can teach us about how to respond to the current COVID-19 pandemic.
Picturing A Pandemic looks to the moving image archive to examine the ways that video as a practice, technology, and commons offers the tools for women, LGBTQIA, people with chronic conditions and people of colour to stage liberations, survive crises as collective and embody activisms past, present and future.
On 11 March 2020, the World Health Organisation declared the COVID-19 outbreak a global pandemic. The virus has spread rapidly through close contact with potentially lethal consequences for vast numbers of people including those with underlying health issues and the elderly. Within the first four months of the disease in the absence of any cures or treatments there have been nearly half a million cases in more than 190 countries. The pandemic has resulted in over 20,000 deaths and 112,000 recoveries and escalated to over 180,000 deaths and 700,000 recoveries.
In response to the initial COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, the city went into indefinite lockdown on 23 January to limit the spread of infection and to inhibit the inordinate pressure placed on healthcare systems that have strained to treat the growing numbers of sick. A delayed global response and continued community transmission have led to further outbreaks in South Korea, Taiwan, Iran, Italy, Spain and all corners of the globe. Whilst South Korea, Singapore and Taiwan report that the epidemic is under greater control owing to large-scale testing and self-reporting, infection rates in the US, the UK and many other countries have continued to spiral as they have already done so in China, Iran, Italy and Spain.
There has been a pattern established across the globe as large urban centres and entire countries have gone into lockdown. The economic inactivity has led to substantial economic shockwaves and increasing unemployment prompting state interventions to support industries and those laid off work or furloughed indefinitely. The current list of countries in lockdown totals approximately a third of the world’s population. As Wuhan came out of lockdown on 8 April pending fewer cases the remainder of the world faces months, or possibly even years, of continued disruption until an effective vaccine or medical treatments become widely available.
The COVID-19 epidemic asks us to ponder how we protect the elderly, the sick and those prone to infection including health and care professionals and other key workers from the unforeseen consequences of long-term quarantine. For those that live alone, those with abusive partners and family members, those with disabilities and chronic conditions, those on low or precarious incomes, those with heightened mental health needs, those stigmatised or abused due to their race and ethnicity and simultaneously at higher risk of infection. It compels us to consider how to forge solidarity, community, care structures and kinship to continue to reach out and show empathy; how to be in touch if not in physical contact.
Since video was established as an art and activist medium in the late 1960s and early 1970s activisms of care have foregrounded the health of vulnerable and overlooked groups in society with and as part of the civil rights, women’s and LGBTQIA liberation and decolonial movements. Video was a vital tool in emerging political and social struggles and global calamities like the AIDS epidemic. Acting collectively through video co-operatives and organisations, artists and activists used video to express the demands for sexual and reproductive health, expose crises and share information as a new form of treatment activism; to inform people of how to promote public health and organise community activism and care; to speak directly to the government to take more action and work collectively and collaboratively to secure health and wellbeing as universal rights.
Picturing A Pandemic will invite organisations and artists to share their work, cultures and histories to look at how these organisations have worked together to emphasise the needs of women, LGBTQIA, people with chronic conditions and people of colour, to keep us in touch and informed as the COVID-19 pandemic takes shape and changes our lives.
Picturing a Pandemic is organized in collaboration with Vtape, Toronto, Canada’s leading artist-run not-for-profit distributor of video art. In 1989, Vtape collaborated with Video Data Bank to distribute the historic 3-part series VIDEO AGAINST AIDS, a provocative and inspiring counter-representation of the AIDS crisis. While the series is out of print, many of the individual titles are available. Contact Vtape for more information. www.vtape.org
Picturing A Pandemic: Art and Activism of Survival on Screens from the Women’s Health, LGBTQIA, Crip and Decolonial Archive.
Part 1: Bright Eyes
The series begins with Stuart Marshall’s Bright Eyes (1984) a documentary that helped to give shape to and document AIDS cultural activism and the global AIDS pandemic in the US, the UK and internationally. The film is accompanied by an interview between Rebecca Dobbs, Director of Maya Vision and Stuart Marshall’s Producer and Caroline Spry of Independent Film and Video, Channel Four, who commissioned the film.
Online Exhibition: Bright Eyes, Stuart Marshall, 1984
Part 2: Over Our Dead Bodies
Stuart Marshall’s Over Our Dead Bodies (1991) documents the origins of the AIDS activist movement in the US and the UK and the gay community’s growing anger and frustration with the totally in adequate response of the US political and medical establishment to the epidemic.
Online Exhibition: Over Our Dead Bodies, Stuart Marshall, 1991
Reading: Working with Stuart Marshall, A Conversation Between Rebecca Dobbs and Caroline Spry (published in TV essay dossier, ii. Archival activism, queer history and the TV essay: Stuart Marshall thinking through television, with Bright Eyes at Channel 4 Edited by Janet McCabe and Conal McStravick, Critical Studies in Television: The International Journal of Television Studies Volume 14 Number 4 December 2019)
Part 3: Chinese Characters
Chinese Characters examines the ambiguous relationship between gay Asian men and white gay porn. Through fantasy voice-overs, staged interviews and humourous re-enactments of scenes from Joe Gage porn classics, the tape forces viewers to question their own narrow definitions of what constitutes gay desire.
Online Exhibition: Chinese Character, Richard Fung, 1986
Reading: An interview with Richard Fung and Conal McStravick, In an interview with Richard Fung conducted in May 2020, Conal McStravick discusses Chinese Characters, then and now, in the contemporary context of the COVID-19 pandemic and LGBTQIA life.
Online Exhibition: Sweet Sugar Rage, Sistren Collective, 1985
Part 5: Future Nation, Something Said, Confirmation of my Sins, Contoured Thoughts
Part 5 in the series presents the works of Jay Bernard, Evan Ifekoya, Zachery Longboy and Kent Monkman that uncover the normalisation of racist politics and the unexamined prevalence of racist, homophobic and transphobic institutions and government policies to re-forge old and new activisms.
Online Exhibition: Future Nation, Something Said, Confirmation of my Sins, Contoured Thoughts
Reading: An interview with Zachery Longboy conducted in July 2020. Conal McStravick spoke to Zachery Longboy about his work Confirmation of My Sins (1995).
Part 6: À Vancouver and Aan niets overleden
Picturing a Pandemic Part 6 presents Vincent Chevalier’s À Vancouver and Andre Reeder’s Aan niets overleden. À Vancouver is a video essay that merges the overlapping autobiographies of Vincent Chevalier and his Quebecois father through interviews on their respective journeys to Vancouver, Canada’s West Coast city, decades apart. Aan niets overleden is a documentary that confronts the denial, stigma and taboo of the experience of living with and dying from HIV and AIDS in the Surinamese community of the Netherlands.
Online Exhibition: À Vancouver and Aan niets overleden
Reading: An interview with Andre Reeder on Aan niets overladen (1996), the Surinamese and Dutch Caribbean experience of Dutch colonialism and coloniality and Surinamese writer/political activist Anton De Kom.
Picturing a Pandemic Part 7 marks the finale of the series with a screening of Bob Huff’s The Asshole Is A Tense Hole (1985) and Sherry Millner’s Womb With A View (1983). These films consider affect, theatricality and video and television vernaculars as tools to address and acknowledge continuities between women’s health and LGBTQ+ healthcare in the context of the coronavirus pandemic as a political and media event.
Online Exhibition: The Asshole Is A Tense Hole and Womb With a View
Reading: An interview with Bob Huff on The Asshole Is A Tense Hole (1985), his solo and collaborative AIDS video activist works and treatment activism for ACT UP.